Medical supervision and following the appropriate guidelines can keep glaucoma inactive and minimise its effects on the optic nerve.
1. Anticipation is vital
People at risk of glaucoma can end up developing it if they are not treated. Periodic check-ups and, if necessary, advanced treatment are our best course of action.
2. Correct diagnosis
Beyond the measurement of eye pressure, patients with signs of glaucoma are subjected to a pachymetry. This is a test that measures corneal thickness, which determines the right pressure for each patient.
3. Follow the instructions of your ophthalmologist
When glaucoma is diagnosed, it is necessary to monitor it continuously and to keep taking the medicines you have been prescribed. If you suffer from glaucoma and you have been…
To mark World Glaucoma Week, the Institut de la Màcula conducted an awareness campaign in conjunction with Farmaoptics and the Teknon Medical Centre. We describe its most important features below.
What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve that, if untreated, leads to irreversible deterioration in vision that can cause blindness. It has a prevalence of 2% in the over 40s. At present, it is the second cause of blindness in the world.
There are two types of glaucoma, depending on whether the eye’s filtering system (camerular angle) is open or not: Open-angle glaucoma and narrow-angle glaucoma.
Principal risk factors
The most common risk factor tends to be intraocular pressure that is higher than the structure of the optic nerve…
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness on the planet. On Sunday, we mark World Glaucoma Day. It is estimated that there are 60 million people affected by the disease. This figure, due to the growing life expectancy in developed countries, will rise dramatically in the coming decades — some studies put the increase at 45% in less than 25 years.
All these figures speak for themselves but the most critical refers to the awareness of those who suffer from the pathology. Glaucoma is a silent disease. So much so that in developed countries, less than half of those affected are aware of their situation. This fact is of vital importance because glaucoma can be controlled, above all in its early stages. The damage it…
Dr. Marta Pazos participates at the 2016 Congress of the European Association for Vision and Eye Research (EVER)02/11/2016
Dr. Marta Pazos presented the paper Mathematical modelling in glaucoma at the 2016 Congress of the European Association for Vision and Eye Research (EVER), held in Nice. This is the forum organised by Europe’s leading ophthalmological research association and it covers all areas of the visual sciences. Dr. Pazos’s lecture took place at a Special Interest Symposium (SIS) that presented recent studies focused on mathematical and automatic methods to quantify both the structural and cellular changes appearing in the retinal layers and the optic nerve in animal models of glaucoma.
Developments in image analysis technologies have enabled more precise and objective study of the morphological changes associated with glaucomatous optic neuropathy
The Institut de la Màcula’s glaucoma specialist explained how developments in image…
World Glaucoma Week is held on 6-12 March to make people aware of how important it is to detect the disease early. The second cause of the blindness throughout the world, glaucoma is estimated to produce visual impairment in some four million people and this number is expected to 11,200,000 by 2020. Glaucoma progressively damages the optic nerve and is caused mainly by an increase in intraocular pressure. This translates into a loss of peripheral vision, although the patient is unaware of this in the disease’s initial stages. This is why since 2004 World Glaucoma Week has promoted the slogan Beat the Invisible Glaucoma, which has become a recurrent argument around the world.
Information campaigns have been conducted across the globe…
For many people, the arrival of summer is synonymous with holidays, hot weather and open-air activities. For patients with glaucoma, the season may bring a variety of challenges and lead to doubts that we hope to resolve in this post.
Glaucoma and sunlight
Ultraviolet light can cause damage to the eyes without the right protection. Light is reflected off surfaces like water or sand and can cause burns in the surface structures of the eye (the conjunctiva and the cornea). When there is exposure over a long period, damage to more internal structures, such as the crystalline lens or the retina, has been described.
The specific case of glaucoma also involves the sensitivity to light and the tendency to be dazzled that these…
Drops are the most common treatment for reducing intraocular pressure (eye pressure) and are often the first therapeutic option when glaucoma is diagnosed. It is the ophthalmologist who will inform us which type of drop we need to apply and how often a day we should do so.
Despite being applied topically –directly into the eye– we should not forget that these drops are medicines and should therefore be used in a specific way (one or more times a day depending on the active ingredient). Nor should we forget that they may have side effects (especially eye irritation, dryness, red eye etc.).
As glaucoma is a chronic illness, drops must be applied for a long time, possibly years. It is most important…
World No Tobacco Day takes place on 31 May to raise awareness among the population of the negative factors of smoking. Smoking is a global epidemic that kills almost six million people each year. Ten per cent of them (600,000) are non-smokers who die as a result of breathing the smoke of others.
Everyone knows that tobacco smoke causes a great number of highly-differing pathologies: respiratory problems, cardiovascular problems, cancers etc. However, few of us are aware that tobacco also affects eyesight and does so in a particularly destructive way.
With regard to glaucoma, a variety of studies have found a significant association between high exposure to tobacco and the appearance of the disease, together with the possible increase of intraocular pressure…
We at the Institut de la Màcula implemented an awareness campaign to draw everyone’s attention to the importance of early detection in glaucoma. Now that the campaign is over, all that remains is to congratulate ourselves and, it goes without saying, all of you. Thanks to everyone, the campaign has been a success and therefore we would like to express our gratitude for placing your trust in us.
On the days when we conducted early detection tests, both at the Institut and at the different Ecoceutics pharmacies, we attended to 120 patients. Of these, 20% have an increased risk of suffering from glaucoma. This is why we recommended that they make an appointment to see their eye doctor.
This type of campaign…
The Institut de la Màcula is joining World Glaucoma Week, which will be held from 8-14 March to coincide with World Glaucoma Day on 12 March.
What is World Glaucoma Week?
World Glaucoma Week (8-15 March 2015) is an initiative of the World Glaucoma Association (WGA) and the World Glaucoma Patients Association (WGPA) to raise public awareness about the disease and promote initiatives for its early diagnosis, given that over half of sufferers are unaware of it.
Most of the population do not know the consequences that glaucoma may cause and are unaware that early detection could reduce the impact of the pathology.
Activities at the Institut to mark World Glaucoma Week
Consequently, the Institut de la Màcula plans to join the initiative of World Glaucoma Week by organising…